It is clear that exercise has a myriad of positive benefits on the modifiable risk factors for acute coronary syndromes including anti-atherosclerotic, anti-ischemic, anti-thrombotic, and anti-arrhythmic effects. In addition, positive psychological outcomes have been observed in individuals who exercise post-MI.
However, individuals should be stratified into low-, moderate- and high-risk for participating in exercise training, which can help determine acute training variable use (e.g., SISS vs. HIIT training).
Cardiovascular recommendations include:
- Frequency: 3-5 days per week
- Intensity: 40-80% HRR or 11-16 on RPE scale
- Time: 20-60 minutes
- Type: larger muscle group activities (walking, cycling)
Musculoskeletal recommendations are focused on resistance training and include:
- Frequency: 2-3 days per week
- Intensity: Light: 40-50% 1RM, Moderate: 60-70% 1RM
- Time: 1-4 sets, 8-12 exercises
- Type: often machine-based, functional activities